ICBAS - Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar
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Training

One Health Master

One Health is an integrative and multidisciplinary concept that promotes the sustainable balance of human, animal, plant, and environmental health. 

It is a rapidly evolving area, much needed for preparing professionals, currently in short supply, trained to face highly complex health challenges (pandemics, food insecurity, climate change, among others).

The One Health Master course is taught jointly by ICBAS - School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, and the Faculty of Economics, both at the University of Porto. It addresses a wide range of topics under the One Health paradigm, providing also foundations on the principles of ethics and economics in different health systems.

Students will develop skills in methodology, transdisciplinary interactions, and systemic approaches, always considering the interrelationship of human, animal, plant, and environmental health.

The One Health Master will train professionals with new perspectives of action in various areas such as academia and research, government agencies, non-governmental organizations, and the private sector anywhere in the world.

More information, deadlines and access conditions here.

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Noticias

ICBAS Professors and Researchers in the Biosfera TV program

The Biosfera TV program (RTP) was at ICBAS and wanted to know how we can promote family health with companion animals, prevent the transmission of diseases, and guarantee the well-being of our animals.
Paulo Martins da Costa, Liliana Martins, Inês Rodrigues, Maria Leonor Lemos, and Jorge Ribeiro, are highlighted, in an edition dedicated to our four-legged companions. 

See the full program here.

Source: RTP; Image: Unsplash.

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Noticias

ICBAS and FEP launch One Health Master

The One Health Master results from the combination of knowledge from the Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar (ICBAS) and the Faculty of Economics (FEP) of the University of Porto and aims to be part of the answer to a sustainable future for the planet, through a curricular program that crosses Life and Social sciences. The new master’s degree will be part of the University of Porto’s training offer from the 2024/2025 academic year onwards.

Designed to prepare human resources capable of approaching environmental, human, and animal health problems in a multidisciplinary and transdisciplinary way, this new course aims to provide tools for a more comprehensive understanding of these problems, as a path to lasting solutions.

Read the full text here.

Source: Notícias UP; Image: ICBAS.

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Events

One Health PhD Forum

The One Health PhD Forum will be held at ICBAS on 13 June 2024. It is a 1-day scientific meeting in which any PhD student enrolled in an ICBAS-UP Doctoral Programme is invited to participate.

The main objective of the meeting is to promote the exchange of scientific knowledge from a One Health perspective, among all the participants. The program includes 2 keynote lectures related to relevant topics of broad interest to everyone.

PhD students can submit his/her work in the area of One Health*, to be presented in oral presentation or virtual poster format. The best presentation and the best poster will be awarded with a travel grant.

Registration is free (but mandatory) and includes lunch and coffee breaks. A certificate of attendance will be given to each participant. If you are interested in sharing your work with the whole ICBAS PhD student community, please, register and submit your abstract (if any) here by 15 April 2024.

* Some examples of One Health matters are: Human and/or animal diseases influenced by environmental factors; Comparative medicine in translational and biomedical research; Molecules of natural origin and their use for prevention or treatment of a certain disease; Food production and Nutrition; Role of microorganisms in the promotion of health; Microbial resistance; Conservation and sustainable exploitation of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems; Chemical agents and other stressors on the environment and health; Prevention of disease in an integrative way.

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Events

One Health Talks

To face the challenge of discussing One Health in less than 60 minutes, we continued the 1st cycle of monthly ICBAS talks on February 22.

In the fifth session, Paula Ferreira, Associate Professor at ICBAS, invites Margarida Correia Neves, Full Professor of Immunology and Microbiology at the School of Medicine of the University of Minho, and researcher at the Institute for Research in Life and Health Sciences (ICVS), to discuss the topic ‘In Govuro (Mozambique) people interact with animals with tuberculosis. How to study the impact on their health?' within the scope of One Health.

The event will take place from 1pm-1.50pm at ICBAS/FFUP Library (different location than usual)

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OH Know More

The impact of hormones on the development of cancer

By Joana Simões, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de Santo António

PORTO - The first description of the relationship between hormones and cancer dates back to the 19th century. In 1896, the British George Beatson found that oophorectomy resulted in the regression of breast tumors in patients with advanced breast cancer. This pioneering discovery laid the foundation not only for understanding the crucial role of hormones in oncogenesis, but also for the development of oncological treatments. Charles Huggins, in 1940, also demonstrated the role of orchidectomy in metastatic prostate cancer.

Since then, research has shown the importance of hormones in the oncogenesis and pathophysiology of various cancers, particularly breast and prostate cancer. Prolonged exposure to high levels of estrogen, whether through hormonal treatments or physiological factors (such as early menarche or late menopause), increases the risk of breast cancer. Understanding and managing hormonal imbalances through lifestyle modifications or other interventions can be crucial to reducing cancer risk.

Likewise, the complex interplay between hormonal regulation and cell proliferation is at the forefront of oncology research. In recent years, the understanding of the hormonal pathways involved in oncogenesis has led to the development of targeted therapies, such as hormone receptor inhibitors or enzyme inhibitors involved in hormone production, thus improving treatment options and the prognosis of cancer patients.

Image – Joana Simões at the ‘One Health Talk’ held at ICBAS on January 18, 2024. Credits: Sofia A. Costa Lima.

Categories
Events

One Health PhD Forum

The One Health PhD Forum will be held at ICBAS on 13 June 2024. It is a 1-day scientific meeting in which any PhD student enrolled in an ICBAS-UP Doctoral Programme is invited to participate.

The main objective of the meeting is to promote the exchange of scientific knowledge from a One Health perspective, among all the participants. The program includes 2 keynote lectures related to relevant topics of broad interest to everyone.

PhD students can submit his/her work in the area of One Health*, to be presented in oral presentation or virtual poster format. The best presentation and the best poster will be awarded with a travel grant.

**Registration and Abstract submission are now closed**

Any member of the ICBAS community can attend this event. Registration is not required.

Categories
OH Know More

The One Health vision in diarrheal disease in Africa

By João Mesquita, ICBAS and Ana Machado, ICBAS

Death from diarrhea in childhood is largely preventable. However, the impact of diarrhea remains high and not fully characterized due to the complex interaction between the environment, food, water and sanitation, highlighting the multiple visions of One Health, particularly in Africa. A significant proportion of cases can be prevented through vaccination, clean water, sanitation and hygiene. Despite this, data from recent years report that diarrhea is responsible for the death of around 90% of children under the age of five in sub-Saharan Africa. Due to the significant mortality and long-term negative impacts on growth and development associated with chronic diarrhea, reducing the global burden of diarrhea remains a priority requiring multisectoral interventions.

Image – João Mesquita and Ana Machado at the ‘One Health Talk’ held at ICBAS on December 13, 2023. Credits: Begoña Pérez-Cabezas.

Categories
Noticias

“Tide of plastic” on beaches in Northern Spain could affect Portugal

The researcher Bordalo e Sá considered today that the authorities must monitor the coast and “implement a tailor-made contingency plan” for the “plastic tide” on the beaches of Northern Spain that could affect Portugal.

“Right now the dominant currents are to the north. It is likely that these particles will reach Portugal in the spring, when the direction of the currents changes, and if the entire contents [of the containers that transported the plastic] have not washed up on the coast, which fell into the sea, although with a smaller impact. The first step will be to activate beach surveillance, also using civil society, and the second step will be to implement a tailor-made and supervised contingency plan”, explained the hydrobiologist from the University of Porto, speaking to Lusa.

Read the full text here.

Source: Green Savers Sapo, Lusa; Image: Camille Minouflet via Unsplash

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OH Know More

Water, conflicts and refugees

By Adriano A. Bordalo e Sá, ICBAS and Joana Savva Bordalo e Sá, IPO-Porto

PORTO – Of all human rights, access to water is one of the most recent. It was declared by the UN General Assembly only in 2010. However, billions of people consume unsafe water worldwide, which causes diseases and eventually kills. Unfortunately, more than half a million children die from diarrhea due to the consumption of unsafe water every year.

During conflicts and war, life gets worse. The recent invasion of the Gaza strip, is yet another painful example alongside the conflicts in Eastern Europe, Yemen, Burma, Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia, D. R. Congo, among others. Without water there is no rehydration, no hygiene, no health. In malnourished Palestine, infectious diseases are spreading and in Yemen, the cholera epidemic – a waterborne disease – has remained uncontrolled since 2016, having affected nearly 3 million people, especially children.

In the middle of last year, there were 110 million displaced people worldwide, of which a third were refugees, something never seen before. If in the rich parts of Algarve or California every person uses 1,000 liters of water per day (120 in Portugal), the refugees, at most, have 5 liters (half a bucket) available, often filthy, making their lives even more miserable, compromising future generations.

Image – Adriano A. Bordalo e Sá at the ‘One Health Talk’ held at ICBAS on November 23, 2023 Credits: Sofia A. Costa Lima.

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